Living Wage Calculation for Duluth, MN

The living wage shown is the hourly rate that an individual must earn to support their family, if they are the sole provider and are working full-time (2080 hours per year). All values are per adult in a family unless otherwise noted. The state minimum wage is the same for all individuals, regardless of how many dependents they may have. The poverty rate is typically quoted as gross annual income. We have converted it to an hourly wage for the sake of comparison.

For further detail, please reference the technical documentation here.

Hourly Wages 1 Adult 1 Adult 1 Child 1 Adult 2 Children 1 Adult 3 Children 2 Adults (1 Working) 2 Adults (1 Working) 1 Child 2 Adults (1 Working) 2 Children 2 Adults (1 Working) 3 Children 2 Adults (1 Working Part Time) 1 Child* 2 Adults 2 Adults 1 Child 2 Adults 2 Children 2 Adults 3 Children
Living Wage $10.78 $24.12 $28.25 $35.57 $17.88 $21.35 $24.45 $26.76 $16.79 $8.67 $12.96 $15.73 $18.11
Poverty Wage $5.80 $7.81 $9.82 $11.83 $7.81 $9.82 $11.83 $13.84 $3.90 $4.91 $5.91 $6.92
Minimum Wage $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65 $9.65

*Documentation for families with an adult working part-time is available separately, here.

Typical Expenses

These figures show the individual expenses that went into the living wage estimate. Their values vary by family size, composition, and the current location.

Annual Expenses 1 Adult 1 Adult 1 Child 1 Adult 2 Children 1 Adult 3 Children 2 Adults (1 Working) 2 Adults (1 Working) 1 Child 2 Adults (1 Working) 2 Children 2 Adults (1 Working) 3 Children 2 Adults (1 Working Part Time) 1 Child* 2 Adults 2 Adults 1 Child 2 Adults 2 Children 2 Adults 3 Children
Food $3,050 $4,489 $6,755 $8,966 $5,592 $6,953 $8,975 $10,932 $5,592 $6,953 $8,975 $10,932
Child Care $0 $7,835 $12,041 $16,248 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $7,835 $12,041 $16,248
Medical $2,390 $6,801 $6,520 $6,577 $4,864 $6,520 $6,577 $6,247 $4,864 $6,520 $6,577 $6,247
Housing $6,240 $9,252 $9,252 $12,012 $7,236 $9,252 $9,252 $12,012 $6,240 $9,252 $9,252 $12,012
Transportation $4,173 $8,624 $9,053 $10,868 $8,624 $9,053 $10,868 $10,827 $8,624 $9,053 $10,868 $10,827
Other $2,877 $4,652 $5,131 $6,563 $4,652 $5,131 $6,563 $6,088 $4,652 $5,131 $6,563 $6,088
Required annual income after taxes $18,731 $41,653 $48,752 $61,235 $30,967 $36,910 $42,237 $46,106 $29,971 $44,745 $54,278 $62,354
Annual taxes $3,688 $8,512 $10,010 $12,761 $6,225 $7,506 $8,629 $9,560 $6,086 $9,162 $11,174 $12,995
Required annual income before taxes $22,419 $50,165 $58,762 $73,996 $37,192 $44,415 $50,865 $55,666 $52,370 $36,057 $53,906 $65,452 $75,348

Typical Annual Salaries

These are the typical annual salaries for various professions in this location.

Occupational Area Typical Annual Salary
Management $80,657
Business & Financial Operations $58,538
Computer & Mathematical $63,540
Architecture & Engineering $72,468
Life, Physical, & Social Science $60,229
Community & Social Service $39,114
Legal $61,931
Education, Training, & Library $49,446
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media $38,048
Healthcare Practitioners & Technical $58,405
Healthcare Support $29,889
Protective Service $41,215
Food Preparation & Serving Related $20,408
Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance $24,600
Personal Care & Service $23,350
Sales & Related $23,954
Office & Administrative Support $33,825
Farming, Fishing, & Forestry $38,581
Construction & Extraction $57,287
Installation, Maintenance, & Repair $44,270
Production $37,987
Transportation & Material Moving $35,650